Combating climate change and CO₂ emissions
Rising thermometers, diminishing reserves
If no action is taken, average global temperatures could increase by as much as 6.5 degrees Celsius by 2100, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The trend can be controlled only with the help of advanced technologies, sustainable power generation and the more efficient use of coal, oil and gas.
Some 30 billion metric tons of CO₂ equivalents are released by homes and factories, cars and aircrafts each year.
Extreme weather conditions can be expected in the next two decades with Arctic temperatures in the winter and monsoons in the summer. It is an alarming scenario that shows how the rise in temperatures threatens to radically alter our world.
If this is to be prevented, humans must reduce the levels of naturally occurring greenhouse gas concentrations being pumped into the atmosphere. Some 30 billion metric tons of CO₂ equivalents are released by homes and factories, automobiles and aircraft each year. And the figure is growing.
Doubling of energy demand
But it is not just harmful exhaust gases that are causing the world problems. The earth’s available reserves of non-renewable resources are diminishing at the same time as the global energy demand is expected to double by 2060. One thing is clear: the future belongs to renewable energy sources such as the sun, wind and water.
To speed their advance, Bayer MaterialScience is developing new materials such as flexible films for solar modules. Other examples of sustainable products are highly efficient insulating materials. These protect buildings against heat and cold to lower the amount of energy required for heating and airconditioning systems.